Indian Journal of Commerce and Management Studies <p>For the past ten years, We, <strong>Educational Research Multimedia and Publications, India</strong> exhibited true commitment and excellence in inculcating high-quality research which is recognized by UGC also. We are a proud publisher of research contributions from global authors in the areas of Arts, Commerce, Management, Education and Social Sciences. Being headed by a team of Eminent Scientists, Professors, Professionals, Researchers, Key Opinion Leaders, Industrialists, our board of management holds 25+ years of collective experience in publishing research and educational materials. Our publications are open-access, double-blind peer-reviewed, plagiarism-free, updated and application-oriented that suit the current trends.</p> <p><strong>Indian Journal of Commerce &amp; Management Studies </strong>is owned and managed by <strong>Educational Research Multimedia and Publications, India. </strong>IJCMS is an open access peer review Tri-Annual research journal that publishes articles in the field of commerce &amp; management. The journal serves as a bridge between worldwide scholars and commerce and management studies researchers. The journal publishes research articles and papers in all areas of commerce and management. The journal aims to provide the most complete and reliable source of information on recent developments in business studies. Each issue brings you critical perspectives and cogent analyses, serving as an outlet for the best theoretical and research work in the field. The purpose of the journal is to further the understanding of the theory and practice of business studies by publishing articles of interest to practitioners and scholars.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong> Call for Papers - Volume XIII, Issue 2, May 2022</strong></p> <p> Please submit to <a href=""></a> or<strong> <a href="">Click here</a> </strong>as per<strong> <a href="">Submission Guidelines</a></strong></p> en-US (Mr. Mohammed Aatif) (Mr. Mohammed Aatif) Sat, 01 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Rules and Routines as Effective Classroom Management Techniques on Perceived Students’ Academic Achievement in Shorthand in EDO State, Nigeria <p align="justify"><strong>Purpose:</strong> The instruction of shorthand is facing serious criticism among teachers in Edo state. There are doubts on the actual classroom management techniques used in teaching shorthand, leading to poor academic achievement of the students. The study seeks to investigate rules and routines as effective classroom management techniques on perceived students’ academic achievement in shorthand in Edo state, Nigeria. <strong>Methodology</strong>: Two research questions and hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance for the study. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was 134 teachers, hence, as there was no sampling which was done. The instrument for collecting data tagged Teachers Classroom Techniques on Students Academic Achievement in Shorthand. The instrument used was validated by three experts. Cronbach’s alpha method was used to compute reliability of the instrument which yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.83. T-test was used to test the hypotheses. <strong>Findings:</strong> The findings from the study revealed that classroom rules and classroom routines have to a high extent influence student academic achievement in shorthand. It also shows that teachers did not differ significantly on classroom management influence on student academic achievement in shorthand with respect to male and female teachers and rural and urban located teachers. <strong>Implications:</strong> Consequently, it was recommended that institutions should encourage training and retraining of business studies teachers on classroom management techniques that will lead to increased academic achievement. <strong>Originality:</strong> There is dire need for an effective classroom management technique in shorthand to enable shorthand instruction to be efficient in schools. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that the classroom management techniques highly influence students’ academic achievement in shorthand.</p> Imafidon Adesuwa, Airemwen Osariemen Joy Copyright (c) 2022 ERM Publications, India Sat, 01 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Yoke of Corporate Governance and Firm Performance: A Study of Listed Firms in Pakistan <p align="justify"><strong>Purpose:</strong> The objective of this exploration is to show the relation among corporate governance tools (board size, board independence, CEO status, Board Education, and Established Years of the firm) and firm performance which is determined by return on asset (ROA). <strong>Methodology:</strong> Quantitative data are used to discover the association between the variables. The top 75 companies registered on the Pakistan Stock Exchange involving the period from 2010 to 2019 are taken as a sample. <strong>Findings:</strong> The research found that there is a connection between performance of the firm with the overall extent of directors, board independence, and average education of board representatives. Insignificant results came for CEO duality and established years of the firm. The result predicted that an increase in total board members and average education of board members will increase firm performance (ROA), whereas a reduction in board independence will reduce firm performance (ROA) which explains the importance of corporate governance for the success of a firm performance. <strong>Originality of the Study</strong><strong>:</strong> Unlike the previous studies, this study tried to find a long-term influence of corporate governance on firm performance by analyzing five different variables for the listed firms of Pakistan. <strong>Implication of the Study:</strong> The study provides the importance of corporate governance tools and their effectiveness for the success of the organizations, especially in Pakistan.</p> Amjad Ali, Wajid Alim, Jawad Ahmed, Sabahat Nisar Copyright (c) 2022 ERM Publications, India Sat, 01 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Policies, Rewards and Opportunities: Antecedents of Employee Retention <p align="justify"><strong>Purpose:</strong> Human resources are the most dynamic resources of any organization. The importance of human resource signifies to attract and retain talented employees within the organization for long term. As, retention of skilled employees is linked with organizations success, this study aims at revealing the antecedents of employee’s retention by carefully analyzing the impact of various HR practices such as career development opportunities, work-life policies, good supervision, and rewards. <strong>Design/Methodology:</strong> To achieve at research outcomes, the data are collected using primary sources through self-administered questionnaire survey. While, multiple regression is employed to test research hypotheses regarding the relation between chosen antecedents and employee’s retention. <strong>Findings:</strong> This research is sought to determine those variables having noteworthy influence on employee’s retention. The research findings support the positive influence of rewards and work-life balance on employee’s retention while supervisor’s support and career opportunities do not promote employees retention in private schools in Pakistan. <strong>Limitations:</strong> The researcher is limited in scope as data are obtained from the teaching staff working in private schools from Lahore region. Further, other antecedents within the employee’s work-life may have specified impact on retention which must be incorporated in future research. <strong>Originality:</strong> Since, the academic staff at secondary school level plays an important role in influencing the moral character of the students, the job security would provide them with an edge to incorporate healthy practices in shaping students future life. The study contributes to the retention practices of private schools’ employees which will ensure a secured working environment leading to better performance.</p> Rabia Asif, Sabahat Nisar Copyright (c) 2022 ERM Publications, India Sat, 01 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Predictors of Effective Job Performance: An Empirical Examination through Employee-Related Factors <p align="justify"><strong>Purpose: </strong>This study investigates the effect of employee-related factors, that is, emotional intelligence, goal orientation, and learning orientation on employee performance using moderated mediation approach where proactive personality is moderator and creativity plays a mediator’s role. The purpose of this study is to identify the mediating effect of creativity on performance with self-related factors in such a way that their relationship is being moderated by moderator. <strong>Methodology: </strong>For hypothesis testing, researcher used multiple source of data collection, where data were collected from a sample of 162 employees working in telecommunication sector of Pakistan. Statistical techniques such as conformity factor analysis, EFA and mediation, and moderation using AMOS software were performed to test proposed theoretical model. <strong>Findings:</strong> Results indicate that emotional intelligence, goal orientation, and learning orientation have significant effect on employee performance, whereas creativity mediates the relationship of emotional intelligence, goal orientation, and learning orientation with employee job performance, while proactive personality moderates the relationships between independent and mediating variables. <strong>Implications:</strong> The study implies that top management should assign higher priority to employee performance by focusing more on employee’s level variables that are major contributor to their creativity. <strong>Originality: </strong>Till now, no researcher has reported such type of empirical study in Pakistani context. This study contributes to the present stock of knowledge and understanding of the subject by contextualizing the predictors of effective job performance in the Pakistani corporate sector.</p> Ghulam Dastgeer Copyright (c) 2022 ERM Publications, India Sat, 01 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000