Status of Household Background Characteristics and Their Impacts on Educational Attainments of Children: An Empirical Study on Muslims


  • Dr. Sumanash Dutta Professor Department of Economic, & Dean, SVS of Library Sciences, Assam University, Silchar, Assam, India.
  • Dr.Isla Uddin Choudhury Ex-Research Scholar Department of Economics, Assam University, Silchar, Assam, India


Household Background Characteristics, educational attainments, multicollinearity, sib size effect, gender effect


The study focuses on identification of socioeconomic variables that determine the schooling achievements of children in Muslim households. The base of the study is a household survey-2009 of 354 Muslim households comprising of 1325 children residing in the three districts of Barak Valley of south Assam. The years of schooling completed by 159 Muslim children of age 19- 25 years in 159 households is the empirical base for the children’s educational attainment variable and is taken as the dependent one in the OLS regression model. The set of explanatory variables are selected carefully in conformity with the design of the study. The study finds higher schooling achievements of Muslim children in cases where father’s education level is high, household has higher level of assets and parents expect to continue to live with their male children after they marry in future. The study could not establish any gender link to educational attainments of children although gender bias appears to be there as latent in the mind of the parents since they are found to discriminate easily in favour of male children, be it in case of their desire to live in future with their married male children or in case of getting short run benefits from children in the form of help in farm/domestic work.


Ahmed, Shahid (2007). Socioeconomic Determinants of Female Education in Muslim Family- An Econometric Analysis, the Indian Economic Journal, Vol. 54(4), January-March.

Becker, G. S. (1960). An Economic Analysis of Fertility in Universities National Bureau Committee for Economic Research(ed), Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries, Princeton, N. J, Princeton University Press.

Becker, G. S. (1981). A Treatise on the Family, Cambridge, Harvard University Press.

Becker, G.S and H.G. Lewis (1973). On the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children, Journal of Political Economy, 81, No.2, pp: S279-S288.

Becker, G.S and N. Tomes (1976). Child Endowments and the Quantity and Quality of Children, Journal of Political Economy, 84, S143-S162.

Berhman, Jere R., Shaharukh Khan, David Ross, and Richard Sabor (1997). School Quality and Cognitive Achievement Production: A Case Study for Rural Pakistan, Economics of Education Review 16, No.2, pp: 127-42.

Bilquees, F and S. Hamid (1989). A Socioeconomic Profile of Poor Women in Katchi Abadia- Report of a Survey in Rawalpindi, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics and Fredrich Ebert Stitung, Islamabad.

Blake, Judith (1981). The Only Child in America: Prejudice vs Performance, Population and Development Review, 7: 43-54.

Brown, Philip. H (2008). Parental Education and Investment in Children’s Human Capital in Rural China, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol.54,No.3-4, 2008,pp: 759-789.

Butcher, Kristin, and Anne Case (1994). The Effects of Sibling Sex Composition on Women’s Education and Earnings, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 109(August), pp: 531-63.

Case, Anne, and Angus, Deaton(1999). School Inputs and Educational Outcomes in South Africa, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114, No.3, pp:1047-87

Coleman Report (1966). Coleman, James S., Ernest Q.Cambell, Carol J. Hobson, James McPartland, Alexander M.Mood, Frederrick D.Weinfeld, and Robert L.York. 1966. ‘Equality of Educational Opportunity. Washington, DC: Office of Education, U.S Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.

Deolalikar, A (1993). Gender Differences in the Returns to Schooling and School Enrollment Rates in Indonesia, Journal of Human Resources, Vol.28, No.4, pp. 899-932

Filmer, Deon and Lant Pritchett (1999). The Effect of Household Wealth on Educational Attainment: Evidence from 35 Countries, Popualtion and Development Review, Vol. 25, No.1, (March), pp:85-120.

Glewwe, Paul, and Hanan Jacoby(1994). Student Achievement and Schooling Choice in Low Income Countries: Evidence from Ghana, Journal of Human Resources 29, No.3, pp: 841-64

Gopal Singh Report (1983). Gopal Singh Report on Minorities, Govt of India

Hamid, Shahnaz and Rehana Siddiqui (2001). Gender Differences in Demand for Schooling, The Pakistan Development Review, 40: 4 Part-II (Winter) pp. 1077-1092.

Hauser, M, Robert and Hsiang-Hui Daphne Kuo (1998). Does the Gender Composition of Sibships affect women’s Educational Attainment, The Journal of Human Resources, Vol. XXXIII, No.3-4, pp: 644-657.

Hamid,S (1993). A Micro Analysis of Demand Side Determinants of Schooling in Urban Pakistan, The Pakistan Development Review 32:4, 713-723

Haveman, Robert and Barbara Wolfe (1995). The Determinants of Children’s Attainments: A Review of Methods and Findings, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. XXXIII ( December), pp: 1829-1878

Kingdom, Gandhi G (2002). The Gender Gap in Educational Attainment in India: How much can be Explained?, The Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 39, No.2, December, 2002 pp-25-53.

Lioyd, Cynthia, B and Ann K Blanc (1996). Children’s Schooling in sub-Saharan Africa: The Role of Fathers, Mothers, and Others, Population and Development Review, 22(2), June, pp: 265-298.

Mincer, J (1974). Schooling Experience and Earnings, New York, NBER.

Mukherjee, Dipa (2005). Educational Attainment in India, Trends, Patterns and Policy Issues, Journal of Educational Planning and Administration, Vol. XIX, No.4, Oct.,pp: 523-541.

Report of 55th Round of NSS (1999-2000). Employment and Unemployment Situation among Religious Groups in India, NSS Report No.468, 55th Round, July 1999- June 2000, Govt of India.

Sharma, Suresh and Nilabja Ghosh (2007). Progress of Education, Gender and Imbalances: The Case of Uttarakhand State in India, Demography India, Vol.36, No.2.

Sachar Committee Report (2006). Govt of India.

Samer. AL-Samarrai and Tessa Peasgood (1998). Educational Attainments and Household Characteristics in Tanzania, Economics of Education Review, Vol.17, No.4, pp.395-417.

Singh, R.D, G.E Schultz and E.W. Kenrberg (1978). Economic Analysis of Fertility Behaviour and the Demand for Schooling Among Poor Households in Rural Brazil, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, West Lafaette, Indianna-47907.

Singh, R. D (1992). Underinvestment, Low Economic Returns to Education, and the Schooling of Rural children: Evidence from Brazil, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol.40, No.3, pp. 645-64

Spaeth, J.L (1976). Cognitive Complexity: A Dimension Underlying the Socioeconomic Achievements Process, William Sewel et al (eds) Schooling and Achievements in American Society, New York, Academic Press.

Strauss, J and D. Thomas (1995). Human Resources: Empirical Modeling of Household and Family Decisions, J. Behrman and T. N. Srinivasan (eds), Handbook of Development Economics, Vol. III

Tansel, A (1993). School Attainment, Parental Education and Gender in Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana, New Haven, CT: Yale University Economic Growth Centre, Discussion Paper No.692

Tansel, Aysit (1997). Schooling Attainment, Parental Education, and Gender in Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol.45, No.4, 1997, pp-823-856.

Tansel, Aysit (2002). Determinants of School attainment of boys and girls in Turkey: individual, household and community factors, Economics of Education Review, 21, pp: 455-470.




How to Cite

Dr. Sumanash Dutta, & Dr.Isla Uddin Choudhury. (2021). Status of Household Background Characteristics and Their Impacts on Educational Attainments of Children: An Empirical Study on Muslims. Indian Journal of Commerce and Management Studies, 6(2), 88–96. Retrieved from